MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin

V. I. Lenin

"LEFT-WING" CHILDISHNESS
AND THE PETTY-BOURGEOIS MENTALITY

Published May 9, 10, 11, 1918        in Pravda Nos. 88, 89, 90       Signed: N. Lenin       

Published according to the text of the pamphlet:  N.  Lenin,   The Chief Task
of Our Duty,
 Pribol Publishers, Moscow, 1918, collated with the Pravda text  and  the text of  the  pamphlet: N. Lenin (V. I. Ulyanov), Old Articles on Almost New Subjects, Moscow, 1922

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965

Vol. 27, pp. 323-54.

Translated from the Russian
by Clemens Dutt
Edited by Robert Daglish


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@cruzio.com (June 1997)

"LEFT-WING" CHILDISHNESS AND THE PETTY-BOURGEOIS MENTALITY .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


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NOTES


    NOTES

      [132] Nozdryov -- a character in Gogol's Dead Souls personifying the bullying type of landowner.    [p.330]

      [133] Lenin is quoting statements by Karl Marx set forth by Engels in The Peasant Question in France and Germany (see Marx and Engels, Selected Works, Vol. II, Moscow, p. 438).    [p.342]

      [134] Lenin has in mind one of the basic arguments used by the Mensheviks against the October Socialist Revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat. The Mensheviks maintained that the seizure of power was "premature", that Russia had not yet achieved a high enough development of the productive forces for socialism to be feasible. After the October Revolution they continued to oppose Soviet power and revolutionary socialist reforms.

        These Menshevik views were summed up in a book by N. Sukhanov, Notes on the Revolution, which Lenin criticised in his article "Our Revolution (Appropos the Notes of N. Sukhanov)". Refuting the Menshevik idea that the socialist revolution in Russia was "premature" because of economic and cultural backwardness, Lenin wrote that the working class of Russia must begin with the winning of state power by revolutionary means "and then, with the aid of the workers' and peasants' government and the Soviet system, proceed to overtake the other nations" (Selected Works, Vol. 3, p. 822).    [p.345]

      [135] The Man in a Muffler -- a character from the story of that title by Anton Chekhov. Typifies the narrow-minded Philistine afraid of all innovation and initiative.    [p.345]

      [136] In June 1917 the Bolshevik Central Committee was planning a peaceful demonstration by the workers and soldiers of Petrograd. At a joint meeting of the Executive Committee of the Petrograd Soviet of Workers' and Soldiers' Deputies and members of the Presidium of the First All-Russia Congress of Soviets held to discuss the matter on June 11 (24), 1917, the Menshevik I. G. Tsereteli made a viciously slanderous statement against the Bolsheviks, accusing them of plotting against the government and aiding the counter-revolution, and threatened to take resolute steps to disarm the workers who supported the Bolsheviks.    [p.347]

      [137] Lenin is quoting V. L. Pushkin's epigram about a mediocre poet who sent his verses to Phoebus, god of the sun and patron of the arts. The epigram ends with the following lines:

        And while he read, the yawning Phoebus asked
        What age this rhymster had attained,
        How long such rumbling odes composed?
        "He is fifteen," Erato made reply.
        "But fifteen years?" "No more, my lord."
        "Then shall the birch be his reward!"
            [p.350]