MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin

V. I. Lenin

 

KARL MARX

   (A Brief Biographical Sketch   
with an
Exposition of Marxism
)

FOREIGN LANGUAGES PRESS
PEKING 1970

First Edition 1967
Second Printing 1970



Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@cruzio.com (May 1997)

    PUBLISHER'S NOTE

        The present English translation of V. I. Lenin's Karl Marx -- a Brief Biograpbical Sketch with an Exposition of Marxism is reprinted, with a few changes, from Lenin's Marx, Engels, Marxism, English edition, Foreign Languages Publishing House, Moscow. 1951. The "Bibliography" has been translated from V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th Russian edition, Vol. XXI, pp. 63-74. The notes at the end of the book are also based on those given in the Russian edition.

C O N T E N T S


PREFACE

i

[Lenin's Biographical Sketch -- DJR

1]

THE MARXIST DOCTRINE
  Philosophical Materialism
  Dialectics
  The Materialist Conception of History
  The Class Struggle

7
7
11
13
16

THE MARX'S ECONOMIC DOCTRINE
  Value
  Surplus Value

19
19
22

SOCIALISM

35

TACTICS OF THE CLASS STRUGGLE OF THE PROLETARIAT

40

BIBLIOGRAPHY

47

NOTES

62




    page 62


    NOTES

      [1] Lenin began to write his article "Karl Marx" for the Granat Encyclopaedia in Poronin (Galicia) in the spring of 1914 and finished it in Berne, Switzerland, in November of the same year. In the preface to the 1918 edition of the article, published as a pamphlet, Lenin said he recollected 1913 as the year in which it was written.
        The article (signed V. Ilyin) was published in 1915 in the Encyclopaedia and was followed by a supplement "Bibliography of Marxism". Be cause of censorship, the editors of the Encyclopaedia omitted two chapters, "Socialism" and "Tactics of the Class Struggle of the Proletariat", and made a number of changes in the text.
        In 1918 Priboi Publishers published the original article as a separate pamphlet (just as it had appeared in the Encyclopaedia), with a preface written specially by Lenin, but without the "Bibliography of Marxism" supplement. The article was first published in full according to the manuscript in 1925 in the collection Marx, Engels, Marxism prepared by the Lenin Institute of the Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).    [p.title page]

      [2] These words are from Karl Marx's "Critique of the Hegelian Philosophy of Right, Introduction". See Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Collected Works, German ed., Berlin, Vol. I, p. 385.    [p.3]

      [3] Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Correspondence, Eng. ed., International Publishers, New York, 1942, pp. 129-33 and 137-38.    [p.30]

      [4] Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Works, Eng. ed., FLPH, Moscow, 1951, Vol. II, p. 393.    [p.39]

    page 63

      [5] Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Correspondence, German ed., Berlin, 1953, p. 170.    [p.41]

    page 63

      [6] Marx-Engels Correspondence, German ed., Berlin, 1949, Vol. I, p. 173.    [p.42]

      [7] Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Correspondence, Eng. ed., International Publishers, New York, 1942, pp. 115-16.    [p.42]

      [8] Marx-Engels Correspondence, German ed., Berlin, 1950, Vol. III, pp. 61-62, 165 and 382.    [p.42]

      [9] Ibid., Vol. IV, pp. 291 and 609.    [p.43]

      [10] Karl Marx, "The Bourgeoisie and the Counter-Revolution", Second Article (Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, Selected Works, Eng. ed., FLPH, Moscow, 1951, Vol. I, p. 65).    [p.44]

      [11] Marx-Engels Correspondence, German ed., Berlin, 1949, Vol. II, p. 166.    [p.44]

      [12] Ibid., Vol. III (1950), pp. 261 and 269.    [p.44]

      [13] Ibid., pp. 172-73, 175, 188, 225-26, 255, 261, 267-69, 521, 545 and 552.    [p.45]

      [14] Ibid., Vol. IV, pp. 552-53, 560-61, 581, 590-91 and 592-93.    [p.46]