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V. I. Lenin

INTERVIEW WITH ARTHUR RANSOME,
MANCHESTER GUARDIAN CORRESPONDENT

[October 27 - November 5, 1922]

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1966

Vol. 33, pp. 400-409.

Translated from the Russian
Edited by David Skvirsky
and George Hanna


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (August 2000)


INTERVIEW WITH ARTHUR RANSOME, MANCHESTER GUARD-
IAN
 CORRESPONDENT  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


400

   First Version .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .
   Second Version (Unfinished) .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

400
406


NOTES




    page 531


    NOTES

      [130] Arthur Ransome, Manchester Guardian correspondent, came to Soviet Russia in October 1922 with the express purpose of interviewing Lenin. On October 26 he was asked to write down the questions that he wanted answered. On the next day Ransome wrote seven questions which he sent to Lenin.
        Lenin received Ransome in the evening of November 3. They spoke of the parliamentary elections in Britain and the fascist coup in Italy, but mostly the talk was around the questions submitted by Ransome. Lenin said that he had not yet answered all the questions, but promised to do so before Ransome left the country. On Sunday, November 5, Lenin wrote his answers to all of Ransome's seven questions.    [p. 400]

      [131] Lenin and his wife Nadezhda Krupskaya lived in London from April 1902 to April 1903. The friend that Lenin mentions is K. M. Takhtarev, a Social-Democrat, member of the St. Petersburg League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class and one of the leaders of Economism.
        The Economists were representatives of an opportunist trend in the Russian Social-Democratic movement of the close of the

    page 532

    19th and beginning of the 20th century. The Economists incorrectly assessed the relation between economics and politics and belittled the role of the political revolutionary struggle. They said that the working class should confine itself to an economic struggle for higher wages, better working conditions and so forth, maintaining that the political struggle was a matter for the liberal bourgeoisie. They rejected the idea that the party of the working class plays the leading role, that socialist political consciousness must be brought into the working-class movement. They thereby cleared the road for bourgeois ideology. Economism held out the threat of steering the proletariat away from the road of revolution and making it politically dependent on the bourgeoisie. This trend was completely routed ideologically by Lenin.    [p. 400]

      [132] On October 24, 1922, the Council of People's Commissars passed a decision to put into circulation banknotes dated 1923. Under the new decision, signed by Lenin, one 1923 ruble was equal to a million rubles of the banknotes that had been removed from circulation or one hundred 1922 rubles.    [p. 402]