MARXIST INTERNET ARCHIVE |  V. I. Lenin


V. I. Lenin

INSTRUCTIONS
OF THE COUNCIL OF LABOUR AND DEFENCE
TO LOCAL SOVIET BODIES


 

First published as a pamphlet in 1921
 
 

Published according
to the text of the pamphlet
collated with the manuscript

From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1965

Vol. 32, pp. 375-98.

Translated from the Russian
Edited by Yuri Sdobnikov


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (July 1999)

INSTRUCTIONS OF THE COUNCIL OF LABOUR AND DEFENCE TO
LOCAL SOVIET BODIES.  Draft  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


375

   F i r s t  G r o u p  o f  Q u e s t i o n s

1.

Commodity Exchange with the Peasantry   .   .   .   .

383

2.

The State's Attitude to the Capitalists .   .   .   .   .

385

3.
 

Encouragement of Enterprise in Commodity Ex-
change, and in Economic Development in General .   .


385

4.
 
 

Co-ordination of the Economic Work of Various
Departments in the Local Administrative Areas:
Volosts, Uyezds and Gubernias .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
386

5.
6.

Improvement of the Condition of the Workers and
Ditto of the Peasants .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


387

7.
 

Increasing the Number of Government Officials in
Economic Development   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


388

8.
 

Methods and Results of Combating Bureaucratic
Practices and Red Tape  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


389


   S e c o n d  G r o u p  o f  Q u e s t i o n s

9.
 
 

Revival of Agriculture: a) Peasant Farming; b) State
Farms, c) Communes, d) Artels; e) Co-operatives;
f) Other Forms of Collective Farming .  .   .   .   .   .


 
390

10.
 
 
 

Revival of Industry: a) Large-Scale Industry Entire-
ly Controlled by the Centre, b) Large-Scale Industry
Controlled Wholly or Partly by Local Bodies;
c) Small, Handicraft, Domestic, etc., Industries  .   .


 
 
390

11.
 

Fuel: a) Firewood; b) Coal; c) Oil; d) Shale; e) Other
Types of Fuel (Waste Fuel, etc.)   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


391

12.

Food Supplies  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

391

13.

Building Industry .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

392

14.

Model and Hopeless Enterprises and Establishments .

392

15.

Improvement in Economic Work   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

392

16.

Bonuses in Kind .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

392

17.

The Trade Unions. Their Part in Production .   .   .   .

393

18.

Stealing .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

394

19.

Profiteering .  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

394

20.

Use of Army Units for Labour  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

394

21.

Labour Service and Labour Mobilisation .   .   .   .   .

395


   T h i r d  G r o u p  o f  Q u e s t i o n s

22.

Regional and Local Economic Councils   .   .   .   .   .

395

23.
 
 

Gosplan (The State General Planning Commission of
the C.L.D.) and Its Relationships with Local Econom-
ic Bodies .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .


 
396

24.

Electrification .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

396

25.

Commodity Exchange with Foreign Countries  .   .   .

397

26.

Railway, Water and Local Transport .   .   .   .   .   .

397

     27.

Press Publicity for Economic Work   .   .   .   .   .   .

397


   F o u r t h  G r o u p  o f  Q u e s t i o n s  .   .   .   .   .   .


398


NOTES




    page 557


    NOTES

      [114] Lenin worked on the draft Instructions at the same time as he was preparing a draft decision of the C.L.D. (Council of Labour and Defence), entitled "On Local Economic Meetings, Records and Reports, and Guidance by the C.L.D.'s Instructions". Lenin made a thorough study of local documents on economic meetings and the first NEP measures. On May 20, 1921, the C.L.D. referred the draft Instructions and the draft decision to a special commission, which published the Instructions as a pamphlet because it was important to discuss them immediately. Members of the Presidium of the State Planning Commission and officials of departments and local bodies were invited to help edit the two drafts. On Lenin's proposal they were widely discussed by the working people. On May 24, they were discussed by the Fourth Congress of Economic Councils. On May 25, the Fourth All-Russia Congress of Trade Unions instructed the newly elected All-Russia Central Council of Trade Unions to consider the drafts and to insert the necessary amendments and addenda. The Tenth All-Russia Conference of the R.C.P.(B.) approved the draft Instructions, authorising the All-Russia C.E.C. Communist Group to take steps to got them adopted as law. On May 30, both drafts were discussed at the Third Session of the All-Russia Central Executive Committee, where Lenin delivered a speech. The session adopted them as a basis and referred them to a commission. Lenin introduced a number of editorial amendments to the C.E.C. decision, "On Local Economic Meetings", just before its final approval. On June 30, both drafts were adopted by the Presidium of the C.E.C. Because the Instructions defined the tasks of recording and reporting for all Commissariats and not only the economic ones, they were called "Instructions of the Council of People's Commissars and the Council of Labour and Defence".

        Lenin believed it was highly important to give the working people a thorough explanation of these Instructions and put them into practice as soon as possible.    [p. 375]