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V. I. Lenin

THE FIFTH CONGRESS
OF THE RUSSIAN
SOCIAL-DEMOCRATIC LABOUR PARTY

April 30 - May 19 (May 13 - June 1 ), 1907

First published in the book
The London Congress
of the R.S.D.L.P. (1907),
Unabridged Minutes,
Paris, 1909

Published according
to the manuscript,
verified with the book
 


From V. I. Lenin, Collected Works, 4th English Edition,
Progress Publishers, Moscow, 1972

First printing 1962
Second printing 1965
Third printing 1972

Vol. 12, pp. 437-88.

Translated from the Russian by George Hanna
Edited by Julius Katzer


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (December 2001)

THE FIFTH CONGRESS OF THE R.S.D.L.P. April 30-May 19
(May 13-June 1 ), 1907 [182]  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


437

1.
 

SPEECH DURING THE DISCUSSION ON THE CONGRESS
AGENDA, MAY 2 (15)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


439

2.
 

SPEECH ON THE REPORT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE
CENTRAL COMMITTEE, MAY 4 (17) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


442

3.
 

SPEECH ON THE REPORT ON THE ACTIVITIES OF THE
DUMA GROUP, MAY 8 (21)  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


448

4.

STATEMENT OF FACT, MAY 10 (23).  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .

453

5.

STATEMENT OF MAY 11 (24) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .

455

6.
 

SPEECH ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS BOURGEOIS PAR-
TIES, MAY 12 (25) .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


456

7.
 

CONCLUDING REMARKS ON THE REPORT ON THE ATTI-
TUDE TOWARDS BOURGEOIS PARTIES, MAY 14, (27) .  .


469

8.
 

SPEECH ON THE ATTITUDE TO THE POLISH DRAFT RE- SOLUTION ON BOURGEOIS PARTIES, MAY 15 (28) .  .  .


475

9.
 
 
 

OBJECTIONS TO TROTSKY'S AMENDMENTS TO THE BOL-
SHEVIK RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS
BOURGEOIS PARTIES, ADOPTED BY THE CONGRESS,
MAY 15-16 (28-29).  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


 
 
479

10.
 
 

OBJECTIONS TO MARTOV'S AMENDMENTS TO THE BOL-
SHEVIK RESOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TO BOURGEOIS
PARTIES, MAY 16 (29).  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


 
480

11.
 
 

OBJECTIONS TO MARTYNOV'S AMENDMENTS TO THE RE- SOLUTION ON THE ATTITUDE TOWARDS BOURGEOIS
PARTIES, MAY 16 (29).  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .


 
482

12.
 

REPORT OF THE COMMISSION FORMED TO DRAFT A RE-
SOLUTION ON THE STATE DUMA, MAY 18 (31).  .  .  .  .


484

13.
 

REMARKS DURING THE DISCUSSION ON THE RE-VOTING
ON THOSE ELECTED TO THE C.C., MAY 19 (JUNE 1) .  .  .


488


NOTES






    page 552


    NOTES

      [182] The Fifth Congress of the Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party -- held in London between April 30 and May 19 (May 13-June 1), 1907. The Congress was attended by 336 delegates with a vote and with consultative voice; of these 105 were Bolsheviks, 97 were Mensheviks, 57 were Bund members, 44 were Polish Social-Democrats, 29 were Latvian Social-Democrats and 4 were "non-factional". The Bolsheviks were supported by the Poles and Latvians and had a stable majority at the Congress.

        The Congress discussed: (1) the report of the Central Committee; (2) the report of the Duma group and its organisation; (3) the attitude to bourgeois parties; (4) the State Duma; (5) the labour congress and non-party labour organisations; (6) trade unions and the Party; (7) partisan actions; (8) unemployment the economic crisis and lock-outs; (9) organisational questions; (10) the International Congress at Stuttgart (May 1, militarism); (11) work in the army; (12) miscellaneous. The most important point on the agenda was Lenin's report on the attitude towards bourgeois parties. Bolshevik resolutions were adopted on all questions of principle. The Central Committee elected by the Congress consisted of 5 Bolsheviks, 4 Mensheviks, 1 Latvian and 2 Polish Social-Democrats. Alternate members of the C.C. were also elected: 10 Bolsheviks, 7 Mensheviks, 3 Polish and 2 Latvian Social-Democrats.
        The Congress ended in the complete victory of Bolshevism over the opportunist wing of the Party, the Mensheviks. For further material on the Fifth Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. see Lenin's article "The Attitude Towards Bourgeois Parties" (see present volume, pp. 489-509).    [p. 437]

      [183] Lenin made this statement at the twentieth session of the Congress when the resolution on the report of the Social-Democratic group in the Second State Duma was approved. A commission had been appointed to draw up the resolution; it consisted of ten members, two representatives from each group at the Congress. Four draft resolutions were submitted to the commission -- from the Bolsheviks, Mensheviks, Polish Social-Democrats and the Bund. The commission did not accept any of the proposals submitted, or examine any draft as a whole but discussed the questions of: (1) whether the resolution should contain political instructions for the group; (2) whether all the errors of the group should be listed; (3) the question of trusting the group. A resolution was then drawn up by the commission but was not approved by a majority. At its nineteenth session (May 10 [23[) the Congress, therefore, again discussed the same questions. The Bolshevik proposal to include instructions to the group in the resolution was rejected because the Latvian Social-Democrats voted against it. The next day, May 11 (24), at the twentieth session, Werner (T. P. Kalnin), representative of the Latvian Social-Democrats, tabled a motion that the discussion of the resolution on the Duma group be postponed until

     
    page 553

    the question of the attitude to bourgeois parties and that of the State Duma had been discussed. In justification of his proposal he said that part of the Latvian delegation had voted against the directives to the group at the nineteenth session because these directives would not be clear to them until the questions of bourgeois parties and the State Duma had been discussed.
        The presidium of the Congress submitted this question to the Congress for discussion, considering that Werner's proposal would not change the decision on the directives that had been adopted on the previous day. Lenin supported the Latvian Social-Democrats. The Mensheviks and the Bund members spoke not only against Werner's proposal but against his presentation of the question.
        The Congress, however, decided by a majority of 149 against 144, with three abstaining, the delegates voting by name, that it would be necessary to give directives to the group after the discussion on the attitude to bourgeois parties and on the State Duma.    [p. 455]

      [184] Lenin deals in detail with the resolution of the Caucasian Mensheviks in his "Two Tactics of Social-Democracy in the Democratic Revolution" (see present edition, Vol. 9, pp. 92-104).    [p. 457]

      [185] Marx-Engels, Beschlüsse gegen Hermann Kriege, den Redacteur des "Volkstribun ", MEGA, Bd. V, S. 10.    [p. 467]

      [186] At the twenty-seventh session of the Congress, when the Bolshevik resolution on the attitude towards bourgeois parties was being discussed, Trotsky proposed the removal from the resolution of the characterisation of the social basis of the liberal-monarchist parties and of the most important of them, the Cadets. The proposal was rejected after Lenin's speech.    [p. 479]

      [187] Amendments to the resolution on the attitude towards bourgeois parties proposed by the Mensheviks Martov and Martynov were rejected by the Congress.    [p. 480]

      [188] It was decided at the Congress to elect a Central Committee of 15 members -- 12 at the Congress and 3 to be delegated by national organisations after the Congress. The counting of the votes in the elections to the Central Committee was made at a meeting with a curtailed number of delegates -- one representative to every four delegates. Seventy-five delegates attended this meeting -- 22 Bolsheviks, 21 Mensheviks, 14 Bund members, 11 Poles and 7 Latvians. In the voting for the candidates, 9 obtained a majority of votes and 5 obtained an equal number of votes each. The Bolsheviks proposed taking a new vote, but the Mensheviks proposed that the 5 candidates draw lots. The Bolshevik proposal was adopted.    [p. 488]