Draft resolution of the Bolsheviks for the Unity Congress "The Present Stage of the Democratic Revolution" (see present edition Vol. 10, pp. 150-54). [Transcriber's Note: This is the first section of Lenin's "A Tactical Platform for the Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P.
Draft Resoultions for the Unity Congress of the R.S.D.L.P. " --
 See present edition, Vol. 8, pp. 373-74. [Transcriber's Note: See Lenin's
The Third Congress of the R.S.D.L.P., April 12 (25)-April 27 (May 10), 1905, section 7, "Resolution on the Armed Uprising". --
 This refers to the draft resolution for the Unity Congress on an armed uprising (see present edition, Vol. 10, pp. 151-53).
 Narodnaya Svoboda (People's Freedom
) -- a newspaper, organ of the Cadet Party, published in St. Petersburg in December 1905.
 Ivan Fyodorovich Shponka -- hero of Gogol's story
Ivan Fyodorovich Shponka and his Aunt, whom the author depicts as a narrow minded, complacent person interested in nothing.
 The Belgian general strike was declared in April 1902 in support of the demand for universal suffrage raised in the Belgian Parliament by representatives of the Labour, Liberal and Democratic Parties. More than 300,000 workers took part in the strike- demonstrations by workers occurred throughout the country. But after Parliament had rejected the electoral reform bill and troops had fired on demonstrators, the opportunist Labour Party leadership (Vandervelde and others) capitulated and, under pressure from their "allies" in the liberal-bourgeois camp, called off the general strike. The defeat of the Belgian working class in April 1902 was a lesson to the international labour movement. "The socialist proletariat," wrote
Iskra in No. 21 of June 1, 1902, "will see the practical results that follow from opportunist tactics which sacrifice revolutionary principles in the hope of quick successes. The proletariat will have yet another proof that it will not be able to achieve its aim by any of the methods of political pressure used against the enemy unless it is prepared to carry these methods to their logical conclusion."
 Rabochaya Mysl -- an Economist group which published the newspaper
Rabochaya Mysl (Workers' Thought ). It appeared from October 1897 to December 1902, edited by K. M. Takhtarev and others.
The group advocated frankly opportunist views. It opposed the political struggle of the working class and restricted the tasks of the working-class movement to "the interests of the moment", to demands for individual partial reforms, chiefly of an economic nature. Glorifying "spontaneity" in the working-class movement, it opposed the creation of an independent proletarian party and belittled the importance of revolutionary theory and class-consciousness, maintaining that socialist ideology could grow out of the spontaneous movement.
The views of the Rabochaya Mysl group, as a Russian variety of international opportunism, were criticised by Lenin in the article "A Retrograde Trend in Russian Social-Democracy", in the book
What Is To Be Done? (see present edition, Vol. 4, pp. 255-85 and Vol. 5, pp. 347-465), and also in his
Akimovites -- supporters of one of the representatives of "Economism", the extreme opportunist V. P. Akimov (Makhnovets).
 The Byelorussian Socialist Hromada -- a title assumed by a petty-bourgeois, nationalist organisation of the Narodnik type which arose in 1902.
 Lenin is referring to the resolution on a labour congress adopted at a meeting of workers from various districts of St. Petersburg in the beginning of September 1906. The meeting was convened by the St. Petersburg Committee of the R.S.D.L.P.
 Vperyod (Forward
) -- an illegal Bolshevik newspaper published in Geneva from December 22, 1904 (January 4, 1905) to May 5 (18), 1905. Eighteen numbers appeared. The newspaper's organiser, editor and guiding spirit was V. I. Lenin. Other members of the editorial board were V. V. Vorovsky, M. S. Olminsky, and A. V. Lunacharsky.
The outstanding part played by Vperyod in combating Menshevism, re-establishing the Party principles and formulating and elucidating the issues posed by the rising revolution was acknowledged in a special resolution of the Third Party Congress, which recorded a vote of thanks to the editorial board.
 Lenin is referring to the pamphlet
Workers and Intellectuals in Our Organisations, which appeared under the pseudonym "Rabochy" ("Worker") in Geneva in 1904 with a preface by P. B. Axelrod. The author of the pamphlet opposed Lenin's organisational plan for building the Party but was compelled to admit that the "democratism" of the Mensheviks amounted actually to a struggle for leading positions in the Party. A detailed characterisation of the pamphlet was given by Lenin in his article "Fine Words Butter No Parsnips". "The pamphlet shows admirably how the knights of the 'fine phrase' are exposed by their own followers," wrote Lenin. (See present edition, Vol. 8, p. 58.)
 Novaya Zhizn (New Life
) -- the first legal Bolshevik newspaper, published in St. Petersburg as a daily from October 27 (November 9) to December 3 (16), 1905. On his return to St. Petersburg from emigration in early November Lenin took over the editorship.
Novaya Zhizn was actually the Central Organ of the R.S.D.L.P. Closely associated with the paper were V. V. Vorovsky, M. S. Olminsky, A. V. Lunacharsky and others. Maxim Gorky contributed many articles and gave the paper considerable financial assistance.
Lenin's first article "The Reorganisation of the Party" appeared in
Novaya Zhizn, No. 9, November 10 (23), 1905. Then, over a dozen other articles of V. I. Lenin's were printed. The newspaper attained a daily circulation of about 80,000. It suffered continual persecution, 15 issues out of 27 were confiscated and destroyed. After No. 27 of December 2 (15),
Novaya Zhizn was closed down by the government. The last issue, No. 28, appeared illegally.