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Charles
Bettelheim

Class
Struggles
in the
USSR

Second Period: 1923-1930

 



NOTE: The translation of this book into English has given the author the opportunity to check a number of his references and, as a result, to revise parts of the text.

© 1978 by Monthly Review Press

Translated by Brian Pearce
 
Originally published as
Les Luttes de classes en URSS
© 1977 by Maspero/Seuil, Paris, France


Prepared © for the Internet by David J. Romagnolo, djr@marx2mao.org (December 2000)


    This second volume of Charles Bettelheim's Class Struggles in the USSR: 1923-1930 is roughly 600 pages in length. An electronic version of the text prepared for this site would, as a single file, exceed 1.8MB! Given the very large size of this text, I have once again departed from my normal practice of making a single complete file available, and have instead divided the text into seven easily managable sections and set off the author's bibliograpy and index in a separate eighth section.
    Although the subject headings and page references in the index are NOT linked to the various sections of the text, the index will still prove to be useful once you have downloaded and saved all sections of the book (in one folder) on your hard drive. You will need to use two browsers at the same time: one for viewing the text (say, Netscape), and the other for viewing the index (Internet Explorer). Using Netscape's "Find..." command, key words from the index (as viewed in Internet Explorer) can be entered, or, you can go to specific page references by entering "page x" (where "x" is a number -- there must be a space between the word "page" and the number).
    Immediately following the table of contents in the printed edition of the text, there is a "key to abbreviations, initials, and Russian words used in the text." I have, for the convenience of the reader, included this list following the table of contents in each of the eight sections prepared for this site.
    What follows is the COMPLETE table of contents for the text. You will be able to access the various sections of the text as you proceed through the listing of contents, and again at the very end of the page.


  Contents

[ Section 1 ]


Preface


11

Introduction to the "second period"

21



Part 1.
 
 


The development of commodity
and money relations and of
planning in the NEP period


 
 
49

1.
 

The interweaving of the revolutionary processes
between February and October 1917


69

2.
 

The dictatorship of the proletariat and class
relations on the morrow of October


91

 

[ Section 2 ]



Part 2.
 
 
 
 


The village during the NEP
period. Differentiation and class
struggles. Agricultural policy and
transformation of social relations
in agriculture


 
 
 
 
83

1.
 

The social conditions of immediate
production during the NEP period


85

2.
 
 
 

The economic and social conditions
governing the reproduction and
transformation of production relation
agriculture during the NEP


 
 
135

3.
 
 

The reproduction and transformation of
ideological and political relations in the
rural areas


 
163

 

[ Section 3 ]



Part 3.
 
 


The contradictions and class
struggles in the industrial and
urban sectors


 
 
187

1.
 
 

The direct manifestations of the
contradictions in the industrial and urban
sectors


 
189

2.
 
 

The contradictions between the private
sector and the state sector in industry and
trade


 
197

3.
 
 

The forms of ownership in the state sector
and the structure of the immediate
production process


 
209

 

[ Section 4 ]


4.
 
 


The integration of state-owned industry in
the overall process of reproduction of the
conditions of production


 
 
266

5.
 

The categories of price, wages, and profit,
and their class significance


285

6.
 

The forms of organization of the working
class


330

 

[ Section 5 ]



Part 4.
 
 


The changes in ideological and
political relations within the
Bolshevik Party


 
 
355

1.

The fight for the worker-peasant alliance

361

 

[ Section 6 ]

2.
 

The fight for rapid industrialization and
for priority for heavy industry


398

 

[ Section 7 ]

3.
 

The Bolshevik ideological formation and
its transformations


500



Part 5.
 


The "great change" and the
emergence of new contradictions


 
589

 

[ Section 8 ]

Bibliography


531

Index

539